Agriculture
Making the most of a meal
Hungry bug seeks hot meal
Fast-flying fungal spores
Amphibians
Newts
Salamanders
Poison Dart Frogs
Animals
Lucky Survival for Black Cats
Sleep Affects a Bird's Singing
Jay Watch
Behavior
Fear Matters
Longer lives for wild elephants
Talking with Hands
Birds
Quails
Chicken
Hummingbirds
Chemistry and Materials
The Incredible Shrunken Kids
Atom Hauler
A Framework for Growing Bone
Computers
A Light Delay
Troubles with Hubble
Lighting goes digital
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Middle school science adventures
Meet your mysterious relative
Supersight for a Dino King
E Learning Jamaica
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Earth
Flower family knows its roots
Shrinking Glaciers
Killer Space Rock Snuffed Out Ancient Life
Environment
Animal CSI or from Science Lab to Crime Lab
Cactus Goo for Clean Water
Acid Snails
Finding the Past
The Puzzle of Ancient Mariners
Words of the Distant Past
Salt and Early Civilization
Fish
Electric Catfish
Basking Sharks
Catfish
Food and Nutrition
How Super Are Superfruits?
Healing Honey
The Essence of Celery
GSAT English Rules
Whoever vs. Whomever
Subject and Verb Agreement
Adjectives and Adverbs
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
March 21-22, 2013: Over 43,000 students will take the GSAT Exam
GSAT Scholarship
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT Exam Preparation
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
GSAT stars reap scholarship glory
GSAT Mathematics
How to Slice a Cake Fairly
GSAT Mathematics Quiz, Teaching Math, teaching anxiety
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
Human Body
Sun Screen
A Fix for Injured Knees
What the appendix is good for
Invertebrates
Scallops
Beetles
Cockroaches
Mammals
Cows
African Hyenas
Basset Hounds
Parents
How children learn
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
Expert report highlights the importance to parents of reading to children!
Physics
Road Bumps
Einstein's Skateboard
IceCube Science
Plants
Fungus Hunt
Plants Travel Wind Highways
White fuzzy mold not as friendly as it looks
Reptiles
Iguanas
Alligators
Boa Constrictors
Space and Astronomy
The two faces of Mars
Witnessing a Rare Venus Eclipse
Asteroid Lost and Found
Technology and Engineering
Dancing with Robots
Drawing Energy out of Wastewater
A Micro-Dose of Your Own Medicine
The Parts of Speech
Problems with Prepositions
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
What is a Noun
Transportation
Reach for the Sky
Where rivers run uphill
Troubles with Hubble
Weather
Recipe for a Hurricane
In Antarctica watch the heat (and your step)
Watering the Air
Add your Article

Pelicans

A pelican is any of several very large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak belonging to the bird family Pelecanidae. Along with the darters, cormorants, gannets, boobies, frigate birds, and tropicbirds, they make up the order Pelecaniformes. Like other birds in that group, pelicans have all four toes webbed. Who Needs Variety? The seven species of pelican are generally similar in shape, and except for one species, have white plumage. Their most famous feature is their elongated bills and massive throat pouches. The bill can grow to be 40-50 cm long, and is usually larger in males than females. Spot-billed Pelican: This is a small pelican, at 125-150 cm length. It is mainly white, with a grey crest, hind neck and tail. In breeding plumage, there is a pink tone to the rump and under wings. Non-breeders are off-white in these areas, and immature birds are more extensively brown. As the species' name implies, there are grey spots on the pink bill in the breeding season. Two Ways of Feeding: 1. Group fishing is a technique used by white pelicans all over the world. They will form a line to chase schools of small fish into shallow water, and then simply scoop them up. Large fish are caught with the bill-tip, then tossed up in the air to be caught and slid into the gullet head first. 2. Plunge-diving, used almost exclusively by the American Brown Pelican, but only rarely by white pelicans like the Peruvian Pelican of the western South American coast, or the Australian Pelican. Ancient Species Almost Everywhere: From the fossil record, it is known that pelicans have been around for over 40 million years. Modern pelicans are found on all continents except Antarctica: they are birds of inland and coastal waters and are absent from polar regions, the deep ocean, oceanic islands, and inland South America. Nesting Season: Pelicans are gregarious and nest colonially, the male bringing the material, the female heaping it up to form a simple structure. Pairs are monogamous for a single season but the pair bond extends only to the nesting area; away from the nest mates are independent. American White Pelican: The American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) is a very large (50"70") white bird with black wing tips and an enormous orange bill. They have a wing span of approximately 3 m . They are graceful in flight, moving their wings in slow powerful strokes. Socialist Bird: Unlike the Brown Pelican, the American White Pelican does not dive for its food. Instead it practices cooperative fishing. Each bird eats more than 4 pounds of fish a day, mostly carp, chubs, shiners, yellow perch, catfish, and jackfish. Nest and Nestlings: White Pelicans nest in colonies of several hundred pairs on islands in remote brackish and freshwater lakes of inland North America. The most northerly nesting colony can be found on islands in the rapids of the Slave River between Fort Fitzgerald, Alberta and Fort Smith, Northwest Territories. The female lays 2 or 3 eggs in a shallow depression on the ground. Both parents incubate.They winter in central California and along the Pacific coast of Guatemala; also along the shores of the Gulf of Mexico. Pelicans in Danger: Shooting by poachers is the largest known cause of mortality. Colonies are sensitive to disturbance and visits by humans can cause the pelicans to leave and abandon their nests. This species is protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty of 1972. Pelican Symbolism: Self-sacrificing: In medieval Europe, the pelican was thought to be particularly attentive to her young, to the point of providing her own blood when no other food was available. As a result, the pelican became a symbol of the Passion of Jesus and of the Eucharist. It also became a symbol in bestiaries for self-sacrifice, and was used in heraldry ("a pelican in her piety" or "a pelican vulning (wounding) herself"). Another version of this is that the Pelican used to kill its young and then resurrect them with its blood, this being analogous to the sacrifice of Jesus. This legend may have arisen because the pelican used to suffer from a disease that left a red mark on its chest. Alternatively it may be that pelicans look as if they are doing that as they often press their bill into their chest to fully empty their pouch. State Symbol: The symbol is used today on the Louisiana state flag and Louisiana state seal, as the Brown pelican is the Louisiana state bird.

Pelicans
Pelicans








Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™