Agriculture
Got Milk? How?
Seeds of the Future
Silk’s superpowers
Amphibians
Frogs and Toads
Salamanders
Toads
Animals
From Chimps to People
New Elephant-Shrew
Color-Changing Bugs
Behavior
A Light Delay
The Colorful World of Synesthesia
Internet Generation
Birds
Finches
Ducks
Storks
Chemistry and Materials
Music of the Future
A Framework for Growing Bone
A Spider's Silky Strength
Computers
Graphene's superstrength
A Light Delay
Troubles with Hubble
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Mammals in the Shadow of Dinosaurs
Ancient Critter Caught Shedding Its Skin
Early Birds Ready to Rumble
E Learning Jamaica
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
Earth
Bugs with Gas
Getting the dirt on carbon
Easy Ways to Conserve Water
Environment
Flu river
Snow Traps
Hazy with a Chance of Sunshine
Finding the Past
Your inner Neandertal
Words of the Distant Past
Of Lice and Old Clothes
Fish
Sharks
Dogfish
Basking Sharks
Food and Nutrition
Recipe for Health
Sponges' secret weapon
Packing Fat
GSAT English Rules
Whoever vs. Whomever
Pronouns
Finding Subjects and Verbs
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
Preparing for the GSAT Exam
GSAT stars reap scholarship glory
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT Scholarship
GSAT stars reap scholarship glory
GSAT Exam Preparation
GSAT Mathematics
A Sweet Advance in Candy Packing
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
It's a Math World for Animals
Human Body
Sun Screen
Gut Germs to the Rescue
Taste Messenger
Invertebrates
Sea Urchin
Caterpillars
Scallops
Mammals
Otters
Lhasa Apsos
Grizzly Bear
Parents
Expert report highlights the importance to parents of reading to children!
What Not to Say to Emerging Readers
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
Physics
One ring around them all
Speedy stars
The Pressure of Scuba Diving
Plants
Tracking the Sun Improves Plant Pollen
A Change in Leaf Color
Assembling the Tree of Life
Reptiles
Cobras
Snapping Turtles
Komodo Dragons
Space and Astronomy
Planet Hunters Nab Three More
Melting Snow on Mars
Rover Makes Splash on Mars
Technology and Engineering
Slip Sliming Away
Crime Lab
Spinach Power for Solar Cells
The Parts of Speech
What is a Verb?
Adjectives and Adverbs
What is a Preposition?
Transportation
Are Propellers Fin-ished?
Robots on a Rocky Road
Seen on the Science Fair Scene
Weather
Catching Some Rays
Polar Ice Feels the Heat
The solar system's biggest junkyard
Add your Article

Millipedes

Millipedes or millepedes (Class Diplopoda, previously also known as Chilognatha) are very elongated arthropods with cylindrical bodies that have two pairs of legs for each one of their 20 to 100 or more body segments (except for the first segment behind the head which does not have any appendages at all, and the few next which only have one pair of legs). Each segment that has two pairs of legs is a result of two single segments fused together as one. These animals are detritivores, slow and nonvenomous; unlike the somewhat similar and closely related centipedes (Class Chilopoda), which can be easily distinguished by their single pair of legs for each body segment. Most millipedes eat decaying leaves and other dead plant matter, moisturizing the food with secretions and then scraping it in with the jaws. Not quite a thousand legs: The millipede's most obvious feature is its large number of legs. In fact its name is a compound word formed from the Latin roots milli ("thousand") and ped ("foot"). Despite their name, these creatures do not have a thousand legs, although some rare species have up to 750. However, common species have between 80 and 400 legs. Short legs = slow: Having very many short legs makes millipedes rather slow, but they are powerful burrowers. Waving their body length and with the legs moving in a wavelike pattern, they easily force their way underground, head first. They also seem to have some engineering ability, reinforcing the tunnel by rearranging the particles around it. The head contains a pair of sensory organs known as the Tömösváry organs. These are found just posterior and lateral to the antennae, and is shaped as small and oval rings at the base of the antennae. They are probably used to measure the humidity in the surroundings, and they may have some chemoreceptory abilities too. Tight coil defense: Due to their lack of speed, millipedes' primary defense mechanism is to curl into a tight coil—protecting their delicate legs inside an armoured body exterior. Many species also emit a somewhat poisonous liquid secretion or hydrogen cyanide gas through microscopic pores along the sides of their bodies as a secondary defense. Some of these substances are acidic and can burn the exoskeleton of ants and other insect predators, and the skin and eyes of larger predators. As far as humans are concerned, this chemical brew is fairly harmless, although it should never be eaten or applied to the eyes. Because of this, caution should be used when handling millipedes. Lemurs have been known to intentionally irritate millipedes in order to rub the chemicals on themselves to repel insect pests, and possibly to produce a psychoactive effect. Some millipede species may be amphibious. Millipedes stink when irritated - or crushed! Millipedes, especially if irritated or crushed, give off an offensive odor, often to the annoyance of homeowners. To rid millipedes from an indoor environment with minimal spread of odor, it is best to vacuum them and soon discard the bag so that the vacuum does not retain the smell of the foul odor.

Millipedes
Millipedes








Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™