Agriculture
Making the most of a meal
Silk’s superpowers
Protecting Cows—and People—from a Deadly Disease
Amphibians
Toads
Salamanders and Newts
Newts
Animals
Mating Slows Down Prairie Dogs
Moss Echoes of Hunting
G-Tunes with a Message
Behavior
Nice Chimps
Night of the living ants
A Grim Future for Some Killer Whales
Birds
Flamingos
Pheasants
A Meal Plan for Birds
Chemistry and Materials
A Framework for Growing Bone
Salt secrets
Atom Hauler
Computers
Programming with Alice
Lighting goes digital
Middle school science adventures
Dinosaurs and Fossils
An Ancient Feathered Biplane
Early Birds Ready to Rumble
Dino-Dining Dinosaurs
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Earth
Hot Summers, Wild Fires
On the Trail of America's Next Top Scientists
The Rise of Yellowstone
Environment
Acid Snails
Swimming with Sharks and Stingrays
Food Web Woes
Finding the Past
Preserving Ancient Warrior Paint
Big Woman of the Distant Past
The Taming of the Cat
Fish
Seahorses
Nurse Sharks
Sharks
Food and Nutrition
Yummy bugs
Allergies: From Bee Stings to Peanuts
Eat Out, Eat Smart
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Capitalization Rules
Order of Adjectives
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Human Body
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Invertebrates
Crabs
Wasps
Dust Mites
Mammals
Flying Foxes
Bison
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Parents
Choosing a Preschool: What to Consider
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Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
Physics
The Particle Zoo
Strange Universe: The Stuff of Darkness
Spin, Splat, and Scramble
Plants
Underwater Jungles
A Change in Leaf Color
Assembling the Tree of Life
Reptiles
Box Turtles
Komodo Dragons
Crocodiles
Space and Astronomy
Saturn's New Moons
Catching a Comet's Tail
Big Galaxy Swallows Little Galaxy
Technology and Engineering
Dancing with Robots
Riding Sunlight
Morphing a Wing to Save Fuel
The Parts of Speech
Adjectives and Adverbs
Pronouns
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Transportation
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Weather
Weekend Weather Really Is Different
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How children learn

Your child is an individual and different from all others. The way your child learns best depends on many factors: age; learning style, personality. Read the notes below, and think about your child. This will help you to choose activities and methods that will suit your child best.

Children pass through different stages of learning

A baby or infant learns about the world through reacting to input through the senses.
From about two until seven years old the child starts to develop the ability to reason and think, but is still self-centred.

After the age of about seven a child usually becomes less self-centred and can look outside themselves. By the age of 12 most children can reason and test out their ideas about the world.
This means that with younger children we need to personalise and give examples which relate to themselves, whereas older children need help to make sense of the world around them. This also means that children must be at the right stage ready to learn. For example younger children are ready to acquire the concepts of number, colour and shape but are not ready for abstract grammatical rules.

What kind of learner is your child?

It is important to understand how your child likes to learn best. Which are the child's dominant senses? Do they like pictures and reading? If so you can encourage your child to use drawings, pictures, maps or diagrams as part of their learning.

Some children like listening to explanations and reading aloud. You could use reading stories to encourage this kind of child. And most children enjoy learning through songs, chants and rhymes.
Does your child like to touch things and physically move about? Some children have tons of energy to burn off! You could play games to get them moving or running around, acting out rhymes or stories or even dancing!

Other quieter children may have a good vocabulary and be a good reader. Word games, crosswords, wordsearches, anagrams and tongue twisters would be good to encourage these children.
Yet other children require logical, clear explanations of rules and patterns, or like to work out the rules for themselves. They may be good at maths too. For these children activities such as word puzzles, reading and writing puzzles, problem-solving, putting things in order or categories and computer games provide ideal opportunities for learning.

What kind of interaction does your child prefer?

Some children are outgoing and sociable and can learn a language quickly because they want to communicate. They are not worried about making mistakes.

Other children are quieter and more reflective. They learn by listening and observing what is happening. They don't like to make mistakes and will hang back until they are sure.

If your child is outgoing they may do best learning in groups with other children, whereas a quieter child may need more private, quiet time to feel more secure about learning a language. You can provide this in many ways – even through the bedtime story in English.

Motivating your child

For a child to be motivated learning needs to be fun and stress-free. Encourage them to follow their own interests and personal likes. For example if your child likes football he or she will probably like to read a story about football even if the level is a little difficult. Interest and motivation often allows children to cope with more difficult language.
Try to provide as many fun activities as you can for learning English. Songs and music, videos and DVDs, any kind of game especially computer games are motivating for all children.

For how long can your child concentrate?

Children can usually only concentrate for short periods of time – when you are doing an activity with your child, using flashcards for example, or doing a worksheet, make sure that you stop or change activity when your child is bored or restless. This might be after only a few minutes.
Correcting your child's mistakes

Children respond well to praise and encouragement – let your child know when they have done something well. Don't criticise them too much when they make a mistake. It's natural to make mistakes when learning a language. Don't pick up on every grammatical mistake – encourage your child to use English to communicate.
Repetition and routines

Children need to repeat language items many times to get them to ‘stick’ so don't be afraid to repeat games or do several different activities with the same language topic or set of words. Children often love to repeat the same song or story as it gives them a sense of confidence and familiarity.
Establishing a regular routine for homework is also important. You can check what they have to do for homework and set up a regular time for doing it.

How children learn









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