Agriculture
Cleaning Up Fish Farms
Making the most of a meal
New Gene Fights Potato Blight
Amphibians
Salamanders and Newts
Bullfrogs
Newts
Animals
Polar Bears in Trouble
From Chimps to People
Insects Take a Breather
Behavior
Copycat Monkeys
The (kids') eyes have it
The chemistry of sleeplessness
Birds
Carnivorous Birds
Peafowl
Condors
Chemistry and Materials
Toxic Dirt + Avian Flu = Science Fair Success
Graphene's superstrength
Boosting Fuel Cells
Computers
Computers with Attitude
Nonstop Robot
Secrets of an Ancient Computer
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Dinosaur Dig
Watery Fate for Nature's Gliders
A Rainforest Trapped in Amber
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Earth
Farms sprout in cities
A Great Quake Coming?
Shrinking Glaciers
Environment
Giant snakes invading North America
Whale Watch
Improving the Camel
Finding the Past
Prehistoric Trips to the Dentist
Digging Up Stone Age Art
Ancient Cave Behavior
Fish
Marlin
Electric Ray
Saltwater Fish
Food and Nutrition
Chew for Health
Turning to Sweets, Fats to Calm the Brain
The Essence of Celery
GSAT English Rules
Who vs. That vs. Which
Subject and Verb Agreement
Finding Subjects and Verbs
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Losing with Heads or Tails
Play for Science
Human Body
Foul Play?
Workouts: Does Stretching Help?
Germ Zapper
Invertebrates
Giant Squid
Flatworms
Tarantula
Mammals
Elk
Dachshunds
Bonobos
Parents
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Choosing a Preschool: What to Consider
The Surprising Meaning and Benefits of Nursery Rhymes
Physics
One ring around them all
Black Hole Journey
Road Bumps
Plants
The algae invasion
A Change in Leaf Color
Seeds of the Future
Reptiles
Cobras
Anacondas
Copperhead Snakes
Space and Astronomy
Wrong-way planets do gymnastics
Zooming In on the Wild Sun
Evidence of a Wet Mars
Technology and Engineering
Machine Copy
Smart Windows
Drawing Energy out of Wastewater
The Parts of Speech
What is a Preposition?
Pronouns
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Transportation
Charged cars that would charge
Revving Up Green Machines
Robots on a Rocky Road
Weather
A Change in Climate
Warmest Year on Record
Antarctica warms, which threatens penguins
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Finding Subjects and Verbs

NOTE: We will use the convention of a thin underline for subjects and a thick underline for verbs.

Being able to find the right subject and verb will help you correct errors of agreement.

Example:
The list of items is/are on the desk.

Being able to identify the subject and verb correctly will also help you with commas and semicolons as you will see later.

Definition:

A verb is a word that shows action (runs, hits, slides) or state of being (is, are, was, were, am,and so on).

Examples:
He ran around the block. 
You are my friend.

Rule 1

If a verb follows to, it is called an infinitive phrase and is not the main verb. You will find the main verb either before or after the infinitive phrase.

Examples:
I like to walk.
The efforts to get her elected succeeded.

Definition:

A subject is the noun or pronoun that performs the verb.

Example:
The woman hurried.
Woman is the subject.

Rule 2

A subject will come before a phrase beginning with of.

Example:
A bouquet of yellow roses will lend color and fragrance to the room.

Rule 3

To find the subject and verb, always find the verb first. Then ask who or what performed the verb.

Examples:
The jet engine passed inspection. 
Passed is the verb. Who or what passed? The engine, so engine is the subject. If you included the word jet as the subject, lightning will not strike you. Technically, jet is an adjective here and is part of what is known as the complete subject.

From the ceiling hung the chandelier. 
The verb is hung. Now, if you think ceiling is the subject, slow down. Ask who or what hung. The answer is chandelier, not ceiling. Therefore, chandelier is the subject.

Rule 4

Any request or command such as "Stop!" or "Walk quickly." has the understood subject youbecause if we ask who is to stop or walk quickly, the answer must be you.

Example:
(You) Please bring me some coffee.
Bring is the verb. Who is to do the bringing? You understood.

Rule 5

Sentences often have more than one subject, more than one verb, or pairs of subjects and verbs.

Examples:
I like cake and he likes ice cream.
Two pairs of subjects and verbs
He and I like cake.
Two subjects and one verb
She lifts weights and jogs daily.
One subject and two verbs

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Finding Subjects and Verbs









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