Agriculture
Getting the dirt on carbon
Cleaning Up Fish Farms
Making the most of a meal
Amphibians
Poison Dart Frogs
Salamanders
Salamanders and Newts
Animals
Big Squid
Chicken Talk
Saving Africa's Wild Dogs
Behavior
Internet Generation
The Smell of Trust
Video Game Violence
Birds
Flamingos
Roadrunners
Woodpecker
Chemistry and Materials
The Incredible Shrunken Kids
Silk’s superpowers
Hair Detectives
Computers
Play for Science
The solar system's biggest junkyard
Games with a Purpose
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Early Birds Ready to Rumble
Ferocious Growth Spurts
Mini T. rex
E Learning Jamaica
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
Earth
Quick Quake Alerts
On the Trail of America's Next Top Scientists
Petrified Lightning
Environment
A Vulture's Hidden Enemy
Groundwater and the Water Cycle
A Change in Leaf Color
Finding the Past
Unearthing Ancient Astronomy
Stone Tablet May Solve Maya Mystery
A Human Migration Fueled by Dung?
Fish
Hammerhead Sharks
White Tip Sharks
Electric Eel
Food and Nutrition
Allergies: From Bee Stings to Peanuts
A Pepper Part that Burns Fat
Chocolate Rules
GSAT English Rules
Problems with Prepositions
Who vs. That vs. Which
Capitalization Rules
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
GSAT Scholarship
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
How are students placed after passing the GSAT exam
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT Scholarship
GSAT stars reap scholarship glory
GSAT Practice Papers | GSAT Mathematics | Maths
GSAT Mathematics
10 Common Mistakes When Preparing for the GSAT Math Test
Math and our number sense: PassGSAT.com
Deep-space dancers
Human Body
Spit Power
Teen Brains, Under Construction
Foul Play?
Invertebrates
Black Widow spiders
Cockroaches
Bedbugs
Mammals
Cougars
Deers
Orangutans
Parents
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
Choosing a Preschool: What to Consider
What Not to Say to Emerging Readers
Physics
Echoes of a Stretched Egg
Gaining a Swift Lift
Extra Strings for New Sounds
Plants
Sweet, Sticky Science
Hungry bug seeks hot meal
Tracking the Sun Improves Plant Pollen
Reptiles
Copperhead Snakes
Anacondas
Alligators
Space and Astronomy
Holes in Martian moon mystery
Rover Makes Splash on Mars
Dark Galaxy
Technology and Engineering
Weaving with Light
A Satellite of Your Own
Smart Windows
The Parts of Speech
Problems with Prepositions
Adjectives and Adverbs
Pronouns
Transportation
Flying the Hyper Skies
Charged cars that would charge
Where rivers run uphill
Weather
A Dire Shortage of Water
Polar Ice Feels the Heat
Catching Some Rays
Add your Article

Elk

The elk (Cervus elaphus) are the second largest species of deer in the world, after Alces alces (the moose or, in Europe, elk). Elk are found in nearly every country in Europe. Elk (in North American English) are an Old World deer species that originated in Eurasia and spread to North America, crossing the Bering Land Bridge during the ice age. They are also known as wapiti, a Shawnee name meaning 'white rump'. Size: Elk weigh 230 to 450 kg (500 to 1,000 lb.) and stand 0.75-1.5 m (2.5-5 ft.) high at the shoulder. Their antlers usually measure 1 to 1.5 m across, tip to tip. Males weigh more than females, but the difference is less compared with other elk subspecies where the males may weigh twice as much as females. Rocky Mountain elk bulls weigh 300-370 kg (700-800 lb) and cows 200-250 kg (450-550 lb). Bulls may stand five feet at the shoulder, with legs three feet long and body lengths of eight feet. Their coloration is generally tan with dark brown legs, neck, head and belly, with a buff colored rump. Bulls may be lighter colored than cows, appearing silver at times. White and silver colored animals do not appear in the wild. Antlers of mature bulls usually have six or more points per side with main beam lengths of 1.5 m (5 ft), inside spreads may reach 48 inches. Population Decline: The current elk population of the United States is estimated to be about one-tenth of the historic level. The population along with most other North American game animals reached a low point around 1900. However populations have rebounded with controls on hunting. There were estimated to be 782,500 elk in North America in 1989. About 72,000 then lived in Canada. Some 20,000 are in ranches where they are raised for meat, antlers, or for hunting. Habitat: One of the largest North American and Asian game animals, they live in open forest and near forest edges in similar environment as deer. In mountain regions, they are known for living in rugged high elevations during the summer, and in winter they gather in lower areas with more shelter. Contrary to popular belief, the Rocky Mountain elk was not an animal of the plains that retreated to the mountains because of the encroachment of man. Elk always lived in the Rocky Mountains. Rocky Mountain elk currently inhabit the Rocky Mountains from central British Columbia and Alberta through Idaho, Montana, eastern Washington, eastern Oregon, northeastern Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, the western portions of North and South Dakota. There are scattered populations of transplanted animals in many other states; western Nebraska, northeast Minnesota and northern Michigan among them. The current North American elk population is about 800,000. The largest herd of elk lives in Yellowstone National Park. It consists of about 30,000 elk that gather together from about 7 herds to spend the summer. Antler Shedding: The bull usually loses his antlers in the spring. And then starts to regrow them during the summer. Elk live up to 18 years old but the average is between 7 and 10. Summer: In the summer the elk usually graze and live in the high mountains in the forest and deep brush. They will also occasionally wander into some of the high meadows to feed; while keeping close to the cover of the trees for protection. In the summer they usually graze on grass and small tree sapling and green twigs. When the grass dries they chew on bigger saplings, eat mushrooms, and also eat on berries. Elk generally feed an hour before to an hour after sunset and the same at sunrise. The rest of the day they mainly stay bedded down in heavy cover and sometimes they will move around. And graze a little bit in the middle of day if they feel safe. Fall And Winter: In the fall and winter they migrate to the lower valleys and wooded slopes. And they eat dried grass and shrubs. They also eat berries and the bark off of small trees. Spring: In the spring elk begin to migrate back up to the higher lands where the bulls lose their antlers and rest up from the rut. At these times you won’t see a single bull for quite a few months since they are so tired. During this time they eat the fresh grass and chew on young trees and get very fat and the end of the summer is when elk weigh the most. The Breeding season for an elk starts in August and goes through October. This time of year for the elk is known as the rut. At the start of the rut a mature bull elk will gather a harem of cows to breed with. He and other bulls will also fight for the leadership of the harem and also over cows so that they can make their harem bigger. An experienced bull may gather a harem of up to 60 cows. And sometimes a bull will let a younger bull join his herd as they move down into the valleys and lower lands for winter. Young bulls usually will not get a cow to accept them until they are two or three years old so they will hang out with the herd or a larger more mature bull. The gestation period for a cow is around 8 ˝ months. The cows usually give birth to one or more calves in May or June. The newborn calves usually weigh about 30 pounds. North American elk were once considered a species separate from the Eurasian red deer. Scientists now consider the North American elk and Eurasian red deer to be the same, though distinctions between the two live on in the language. The term wapiti applies to the North American elk and to the wapiti-like red deer subspecies in Eastern Asia where the males resemble the North American elk in their antler structure and mating calls. The American elk, along with Sichuan deer, Alashan wapiti, and Manchurian wapiti were once collectively classified as Cervus canadensis, and the remaining subspecies being classified as Cervus elaphus.

Elk
Elk








Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™