Agriculture
Springing forward
Keeping Bugs Away from Food
Chicken Eggs as Drug Factories
Amphibians
Poison Dart Frogs
Toads
Salamanders and Newts
Animals
A Sense of Danger
Poor Devils
Insects Take a Breather
Behavior
Slumber by the numbers
Internet Generation
Talking with Hands
Birds
Lovebirds
Emus
Backyard Birds
Chemistry and Materials
Putting the Squeeze on Toothpaste
Makeup Science
A New Basketball Gets Slick
Computers
Middle school science adventures
Troubles with Hubble
Seen on the Science Fair Scene
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Meet the new dinos
Hall of Dinos
South America's sticky tar pits
E Learning Jamaica
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Earth
Recipe for a Hurricane
Drilling Deep for Fuel
The Pacific Ocean's Bald Spot
Environment
Sea Otters, Kelp, and Killer Whales
An Ocean View's Downside
A Change in Time
Finding the Past
A Long Trek to Asia
Big Woman of the Distant Past
Settling the Americas
Fish
Basking Sharks
Whale Sharks
Lampreys
Food and Nutrition
Moving Good Fats from Fish to Mice
How Super Are Superfruits?
Symbols from the Stone Age
GSAT English Rules
Who vs. Whom
Whoever vs. Whomever
Order of Adjectives
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
Mastering The GSAT Exam
How are students placed after passing the GSAT exam
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
GSAT Mathematics
Math and our number sense: PassGSAT.com
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
Play for Science
Human Body
Hey batter, wake up!
Music in the Brain
Foul Play?
Invertebrates
Nautiluses
Sea Anemones
Black Widow spiders
Mammals
Manatees
Dachshunds
Armadillo
Parents
What Not to Say to Emerging Readers
Expert report highlights the importance to parents of reading to children!
How children learn
Physics
Gaining a Swift Lift
Black Hole Journey
Einstein's Skateboard
Plants
Stalking Plants by Scent
Farms sprout in cities
City Trees Beat Country Trees
Reptiles
Geckos
Turtles
Snapping Turtles
Space and Astronomy
Melting Snow on Mars
Saturn's New Moons
Dark Galaxy
Technology and Engineering
Morphing a Wing to Save Fuel
A Satellite of Your Own
Supersuits for Superheroes
The Parts of Speech
Problems with Prepositions
What is a Noun
What is a Preposition?
Transportation
Charged cars that would charge
Seen on the Science Fair Scene
Reach for the Sky
Weather
Watering the Air
The solar system's biggest junkyard
Where rivers run uphill
Add your Article

Capitalization Rules

Rule 1

Capitalize the first word of a quoted sentence.

Examples:
He said, "Treat her as you would your own daughter."
"Look out!" she screamed. "You almost ran into my child."

Rule 2

Capitalize a proper noun.

Example:
Golden Gate Bridge

Rule 3

Capitalize a person's title when it precedes the name. Do not capitalize when the title is acting as a description following the name.

Examples:
Chairperson Anderson
Mr. Anderson, the chairperson of the company, will address us at noon.

Rule 4

Capitalize the person's title when it follows the name on the address or signature line.

Example:
Sincerely,
Mr. Anderson, Chairperson

Rule 5

Capitalize the titles of high-ranking government officials when used before their names. Do not capitalize the civil title if it is used instead of the name.

Examples:
The prime minister will address Parlament.
All senators are expected to attend.
The ministers, junior ministers, and attorneys general called for a special task force.
Minister Charles, Governor Poppins, Attorney General Dalloway, and Senators James and Twain will attend.

Rule 6

Capitalize any title when used as a direct address.

Example:
Will you take my temperature, Doctor?

Rule 7

Capitalize points of the compass only when they refer to specific regions.

Examples:
We have had three relatives visit from the South.
Go south three blocks and then turn left.
We live in the southeast section of town.
Southeast is just an adjective here describing section, so it should not be capitalized.

Rule 8

Always capitalize the first and last words of titles of publications regardless of their parts of speech. Capitalize other words within titles, including the short verb forms Is, Are, and Be.

Exception:
Do not capitalize little words within titles such as a, an, the, but, as, if, and, or, nor, or prepositions, regardless of their length.

Examples:
The Day of the Jackal
What Color Is Your Parachute?
A Tale of Two Cities

Rule 9

Capitalize federal or state when used as part of an official agency name or in government documents where these terms represent an official name. If they are being used as general terms, you may use lowercase letters.

Examples:
The state has evidence to the contrary.
That is a federal offense.
The State Board of Equalization collects sales taxes.
We will visit three states during our summer vacation.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation has been subject to much scrutiny and criticism lately.
Her business must comply with all county, state, and federal laws.

Rule 10

You may capitalize words such as department, bureau, and office if you have prepared your text in the following way:

Example:
The Bureau of Land Management (Bureau) has some jurisdiction over Indian lands. The Bureau is finding its administrative role to be challenging.

Rule 11

Do not capitalize names of seasons.

Example:
I love autumn colors and spring flowers.

Rule 12

Capitalize the first word of a salutation and the first word of a complimentary close.

Examples:
Dear Ms. Mohamed: 
My dear Mr. Sanchez: 
Very truly yours,

Rule 13

Capitalize words derived from proper nouns.

Example:
I must take English and math.
English is capitalized because it comes from the proper noun England, but math does not come from Mathland.

Rule 14

Capitalize the names of specific course titles.

Example:
I must take history and Algebra 2.

Rule 15

After a sentence ending with a colon, do not capitalize the first word if it begins a list.

Example:
These are my favorite foods: chocolate cake, spaghetti, and artichokes.

Rule 16

Do not capitalize when only one sentence follows a sentence ending with a colon.

Example:
I love Jane Smiley's writing: her book, A Thousand Acres, was beautiful.

Rule 17

Capitalize when two or more sentences follow a sentence ending with a colon.

Example:
I love Jane Smiley's writing: Her book, A Thousand Acres, was beautiful. Also, Moo was clever.

 










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