Agriculture
Growing Healthier Tomato Plants
Watering the Air
Chicken Eggs as Drug Factories
Amphibians
Bullfrogs
Poison Dart Frogs
Salamanders and Newts
Animals
A Jellyfish's Blurry View
Odor-Chasing Penguins
Blotchy Face, Big-Time Wasp
Behavior
From dipping to fishing
Primate Memory Showdown
Night of the living ants
Birds
Cranes
Condors
Doves
Chemistry and Materials
Diamond Glow
Putting the Squeeze on Toothpaste
Sweeeet! The Skinny on Sugar Substitutes
Computers
New twists for phantom limbs
It's a Small E-mail World After All
Earth from the inside out
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Mini T. rex
Ferocious Growth Spurts
A Really Big (but Extinct) Rodent
E Learning Jamaica
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
Earth
Coral Islands Survive a Tsunami
Snowflakes and Avalanches
Plastic-munching microbes
Environment
Will Climate Change Depose Monarchs?
Giant snakes invading North America
Plastic Meals for Seals
Finding the Past
Childhood's Long History
Ancient Cave Behavior
If Only Bones Could Speak
Fish
Sharks
Carp
Pygmy Sharks
Food and Nutrition
The Essence of Celery
How Super Are Superfruits?
A Pepper Part that Burns Fat
GSAT English Rules
Adjectives and Adverbs
Finding Subjects and Verbs
Whoever vs. Whomever
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
GSAT Exam Preparation
10 Common Mistakes When Preparing for the GSAT Math Test
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
GSAT Scholarship
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
Access denied - Disabled boy aces GSAT
GSAT Mathematics
How to Slice a Cake Fairly
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
A Sweet Advance in Candy Packing
Human Body
Cell Phone Tattlers
Foul Play?
Don't Eat That Sandwich!
Invertebrates
Octopuses
Butterflies
Lobsters
Mammals
Dachshunds
Marsupials
Domestic Shorthairs
Parents
Children and Media
Expert report highlights the importance to parents of reading to children!
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
Physics
The Mirror Universe of Antimatter
Speedy stars
Powering Ball Lightning
Plants
Cactus Goo for Clean Water
Surprise Visitor
When Fungi and Algae Marry
Reptiles
Lizards
Gila Monsters
Snakes
Space and Astronomy
Cool as a Jupiter
Melting Snow on Mars
Zooming In on the Wild Sun
Technology and Engineering
Drawing Energy out of Wastewater
Reach for the Sky
Spinach Power for Solar Cells
The Parts of Speech
Pronouns
What is a Verb?
Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Transportation
Reach for the Sky
Revving Up Green Machines
Where rivers run uphill
Weather
Earth's Poles in Peril
Antarctica warms, which threatens penguins
In Antarctica watch the heat (and your step)
Add your Article

African Camels

Both camel species are native to the dry and desert areas of Asia and northern Africa. The term camel is also used more broadly, to describe any of the six camel-like creatures in the family Camelidae: the two true camels, and the four South American camelids: Llama, Alpaca, Guanaco and Vicuña.

One Hump, Please: The Dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) is a large even-toed ungulate native to northern Africa and western Asia, and is the best-known member of the camel family. The Dromedary has one hump on its back, in contrast to the Bactrian camel which has two. The Dromedary is sometimes called an Arabian camel. Some maintain that the name "dromedary" should be used to refer only to racing camels. The average life expectancy of a camel is 30 to 50 years.

Thick Eyelashes and Small Ears: Male Dromedaries camels have a soft palate, which they inflate to produce a deep pink sack that out of the sides of their mouths during the mating season. Dromedaries are also noted for their thick eyelashes and small, hairy ears. Adults grow to a length of 10 feet and height of six to seven feet. Weight is usually in the range of 1000-1500 pounds.

Two Humps, Please: The Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of eastern Asia. The Bactrian camel has two humps on its back, in contrast to the Dromedary which has one. Nearly all of the estimated 1.4 million Bactrian camels alive today are domesticated, but in October 2002 the estimated 950 remaining in the wild in northwest China and Mongolia were placed on the critically endangered species list.

Just the Facts: Bactrian camels are over 2 meters (7 feet) tall at the hump and weigh in excess of 725 kg (1,600 pounds). They are herbivores, eating grass, leaves, and grains, capable of drinking up to 120 liters (32 US gallons) of water at a time. Their mouth is extremely tough, allowing them to eat thorny desert plants. They are supremely adapted to protect themselves against the desert heat and sand; with wide, padded feet and thick leathery pads on the knees and chest, nostrils that can open and close, ears lined with protective hairs, and bushy eyebrows with two rows of long eyelashes. Thick fur and underwool keep the animal warm during cold desert nights and also insulate against daytime heat.

Camel Olympian: Compared to the Dromedary camel, the Bactrian is a stockier, hardier animal being able to survive the scorching desert heat of northern Iran to the frozen winters in Tibet. The Dromedary is taller and faster, and with a rider it can maintain 8-9 mph for hours at a time. By comparison a loaded Bactrian camel moves at about 2.5 mph

Of Camels and Men: Around the second millennium BC, camels became established to the Sahara region but disappeared again from the Sahara beginning around 900 BC. The Persian invasion of Egypt under Cambyses introduced domesticated camels to the area.

Domesticated camels were used through much of North Africa, and the Romans maintained a corps of camel warriors to patrol the edge of the desert. The Persian camels, however, were not particularly suited to trading or travel over the Sahara; rare journeys made across the desert were made on horse-drawn chariots.

The stronger and more durable Bactrian Camels first began to arrive in Africa in the fourth century. It was not until the Islamic conquest of North Africa, however, that these camels became common. While the invasion was accomplished largely on horseback, the new links to the Middle East allowed camels to be imported en masse.

 

Police on Camels? These camels were well-suited to long desert journeys and could carry a great deal of cargo. For the first time this allowed substantial trade over the Sahara. Modern domesticated dromedaries are used for milk and meat and as beasts of burden for cargo and passengers. Unlike horses, they kneel for the loading of passengers and cargo. At many of the desert located tourist sites in Egypt, mounted police on camels can be seen.


Gestation in the dromedary lasts around 12 months. Usually a single calf is born, and nursed for up to 18 months. Females are sexually mature after 3 to 4 years, males after 5 to 6 years. Lifespan in captivity is typically about 25 years, with some animals reaching the age of 50.

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

African Camels
African Camels








Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™