Agriculture
Watering the Air
Earth-Friendly Fabrics
Getting the dirt on carbon
Amphibians
Salamanders and Newts
Newts
Frogs and Toads
Animals
From Chimps to People
A Jellyfish's Blurry View
Thieves of a Feather
Behavior
Lost Sight, Found Sound
Calculating crime
A brain-boosting video game
Birds
Swifts
Cranes
Blue Jays
Chemistry and Materials
Watching out for vultures
Music of the Future
The Incredible Shrunken Kids
Computers
The Earth-bound asteroid scientists saw coming
Secrets of an Ancient Computer
Electronic Paper Turns a Page
Dinosaurs and Fossils
Message in a dinosaur's teeth
Dinosaurs Grow Up
Battling Mastodons
E Learning Jamaica
2014 GSAT Results for Jamaican Kids
E Learning in Jamaica WIN PRIZES and try our Fun Animated Games
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
Earth
Killer Space Rock Snuffed Out Ancient Life
Earth's Lowly Rumble
Hot Summers, Wild Fires
Environment
Improving the Camel
A Newspaper's Hidden Cost
Indoor ozone stopper
Finding the Past
Of Lice and Old Clothes
Early Maya Writing
A Human Migration Fueled by Dung?
Fish
Flashlight Fishes
Goldfish
Catfish
Food and Nutrition
Chew for Health
Moving Good Fats from Fish to Mice
A Taste for Cheese
GSAT English Rules
Pronouns
Who vs. That vs. Which
Adjectives and Adverbs
GSAT Exam Preparation Jamaica
Results of GSAT are in schools this week
Ministry of Education Announces 82 GSAT Scholarships for 2010
How are students placed after passing the GSAT exam
GSAT Exams Jamaica Scholarships
42,000 students will sit for the GSAT Exam in two weeks
GSAT Exam Preparation
GSAT stars reap scholarship glory
GSAT Mathematics
Setting a Prime Number Record
Prime Time for Cicadas
Math of the World
Human Body
Remembering Facts and Feelings
Gut Microbes and Weight
Speedy Gene Gives Runners a Boost
Invertebrates
Octopuses
Ants
Grasshoppers
Mammals
Chimpanzees
Wombats
Ferrets
Parents
How children learn
Raise a Lifelong Reader by Reading Aloud
Children and Media
Physics
Dreams of Floating in Space
Thinner Air, Less Splatter
The Mirror Universe of Antimatter
Plants
Pumping Up Poison Ivy
Farms sprout in cities
Springing forward
Reptiles
Komodo Dragons
Tortoises
Box Turtles
Space and Astronomy
Mercury's magnetic twisters
Unveiling Titan
Melting Snow on Mars
Technology and Engineering
Toy Challenge
Squeezing Oil from Old Wells
Morphing a Wing to Save Fuel
The Parts of Speech
What is a Preposition?
Adjectives and Adverbs
Pronouns
Transportation
Seen on the Science Fair Scene
Where rivers run uphill
Charged cars that would charge
Weather
Watering the Air
Earth's Poles in Peril
Arctic Melt
Add your Article

Adjectives and Adverbs

Definitions:

Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They may come before the word they describe (That is a cute puppy.) or they may follow the word they describe (That puppy is cute.).

Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.

The only adverbs that cause grammatical problems are those that answer the question how, so focus on these.

Rule 1

Generally, if a word answers the question how, it is an adverb. If it can have an -ly added to it, place it there.

Examples:
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
She is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how, so no -ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, so it is an adverb. But fast never has an -ly attached to it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes how we performed.

Rule 2

A special -ly rule applies when four of the senses - taste, smell, look, feel - are the verbs. Do not ask if these senses answer the question how to determine if -ly should be attached. Instead, ask if the sense verb is being used actively. If so, use the -ly.

Examples:
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Do the roses actively smell with noses? No, so no -ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance? We are only describing appearance, so no -ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily at the paint splotches.
Here the woman did actively look with eyes, so the -ly is added.
She feels bad/badly about the news.
She is not feeling with fingers, so no -ly.

Good vs. Well

Rule 3

The word good is an adjective, while well is an adverb.

Examples:
You did a good job.
Good describes the job.
You did the job well.
Well answers how.
You smell good today.
Describes your odor, not how you smell with your nose, so follow with the adjective. You smell well for someone with a cold.
You are actively smelling with a nose here, so follow with the adverb.

Rule 4

When referring to health, use well rather than good.

Example:
I do not feel well. You do not look well today.

Note: You may use good with feel when you are not referring to health.

Example:
I feel good about my decision to learn Spanish.

Rule 5

A common error in using adjectives and adverbs arises from using the wrong form for comparison. For instance, to describe one thing we would say poor, as in, "She is poor." To compare two things, we should say poorer, as in, "She is the poorer of the two women." To compare more than two things, we should say poorest, as in, "She is the poorest of them all."

Examples:

One

Two

Three or More

sweet

sweeter

sweetest

bad

worse

worst

efficient*

more efficient*

most efficient*

*Usually with words of three or more syllables, don't add -er or -est. Use more or most in front of the words.

Rule 6

Never drop the -ly from an adverb when using the comparison form.

Correct:
She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.

Incorrect:
She spoke quicker than he did.

Correct:
Talk quietly.
Talk more quietly.

Incorrect:
Talk quieter.

Rule 7

When this, that, these, and those are followed by nouns, they are adjectives. When they appear without a noun following them, they are pronouns.

Examples:
This house is for sale.
This is an adjective here.
This is for sale.
This is a pronoun here.

Rule 8

This and that are singular, whether they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns. Thispoints to something nearby while that points to something "over there."

Examples:

This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
This is mine.
That is hers.

Rule 9

These and those are plural, whether they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns.These points to something nearby while those points to something "over there."

Examples:
These babies have been smiling for a long time.
These are mine. Those babies have been crying for hours. Those are yours.

Rule 10

Use than to show comparison. Use then to answer the question when.

Examples:
I would rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went rock climbing.

I need more understanding


I'm ready for the quiz

Adjectives and Adverbs









Designed and Powered by HBJamaica.com™